How to improve teaching and learning in the classroom

A Teacher plays a very important role in a student’s life. Schools, parents and teachers are the forefronts of a student’s educational life. The success of a student is very much depended upon the teacher as a student is in continuous contact. As teaching and learning is an integrated process, good teaching methods and techniques will help students to learn things faster. It will provide guidance and help in enhancing skills which are connected with future in order to be successful. Good teaching practices are needed in order to improve the quality of life and foster development.

Classrooms learning method is considered as one of the effective methods of learning. For many of the students, their learning process and development takes place in classrooms. It is very necessary that a teacher must adapt teaching techniques that ensure effective learning opportunities and produces a lot of educational benefits. Teachers must examine the classrooms carefully and must keep all the factors in mind which will help to implement the new and effective teaching techniques.

A good teaching technique will help the students to learn and memorize lessons faster and will increase the chances of success.

  • Analyzing the understanding level

Before starting to teach a new lesson teacher must conduct the formative assessment to know how much knowledge students are having on the topic. While teaching regular assessment is needed in different ways. It is necessary to identify the areas in which students are comfortable or are facing difficulties. At the end of the lesson, the teacher should conduct a summary session to know what students have learned. It is always better to simultaneously work on areas in which students are facing problems instead of working when the problem becomes a major issue.

  • Enhance learning through application

Students learn and retain fast when they have been given the opportunity to apply what they have learnt. It becomes difficult to understand by just sitting and listening to lectures. By practically doing learning and understanding becomes easy. Whenever possible teachers must assign projects to the students for helping them to explore their knowledge and put their learning to work. For example- projects on various subjects like maths, science, English, Hindi can be given to students as a part of their homework. This will allow students to learn the basic concept and enhance their knowledge.

  • Enhancing students engagement

A teacher should try to engage with his student in order to make the student feel comfortable. The teacher must memorise the names of all the students in the classroom. They must interact with students frequently in order to understand the capacity of the student. Sending emails, attending various events, designing activities that will require teachers involvement are some of the things which will increase students engagement with the teachers. Students are human beings with full of lives; teachers must share values, experiences with them. This will help in gaining the students confidence and encouraging them. Teachers should love their students and should mix with them.

  • Regularly tracking progress and providing feedbacks

Imparting knowledge to the students is not enough. Learning also takes place when students know about the areas where they are lacking. Teachers must track the performance of the students in order to analyze the problem area. By assigning homework, practice exercises, conducting exams teachers can assess students performance.  Providing feedbacks to the students is necessary to help them identify what they have learned. Timely suggestions will help students in assessing their knowledge and competencies. Communicating with students and helping them in knowing their strengths and weakness will help in the progress of the student.

  • Capturing the interest of students

Any method of teaching will be also of no use if students are not interested. It is very necessary for a teacher to identify the areas of interest of the students and then to apply effective teaching technique. Before starting a lesson or at the time of formative assessment teacher should try to create curiosity in a student in order to gain the attention. A teacher can use creative methods like visual images, brainstorming, and storytelling to help students to generate interest in the lesson. This is considered as one of the challenging tasks on the part of a teacher.

  • Encouraging cooperation practices

Actual learning takes place in the environment which involves a lot of interaction. Group learning always provides better results as it involves discussions and sharing of ideas. It enhances the understanding power of a student and improves the thinking process. Teachers must assign group tasks like projects, presentations, case studies to the students. Students must share their viewpoints and should provide feedbacks to one other on the work assigned.

  • Praising and Motivating Students

The self-confidence of the students increases when they are praised. They feel encouraged and motivated. Teachers must praise the work of the student which will enhance their interest and performance. Phrases like to keep it up; good work, congratulations boost the confidence and self-esteem of the students. The words of encouragement will motivate students to put their efforts and work better.

  • Practicing Active Learning Techniques

Teachers must adopt active learning techniques in the class in order to create excitement and engagement. Just sitting in the class listening and memorizing will not help the students to learn. In order to gain knowledge and to develop the desire for learning in, students teachers must practice those activities which fulfill the learning objectives. Learning styles which require the involvement of all the human senses are the best. Classroom discussions, the involvement of technologies, giving presentations and answering questions makes the class attentive and active.

In the end, it can be said that it is very necessary for the teacher to understand the level of the student. Students must feel connected with the teachers. Teachers must frequently communicate with the students and should provide regular positive and negative feedbacks. This will help students to understand the areas which need a lot of efforts. Teachers should try to become a role model for the student to help them in enhancing their learning and to achieve success.

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