Private tuition market in the UK

Private tuition is known as the hidden secret of British education and is known as shadow education in the UK. They have been precursor and alternative to the schooling and were established for teaching children of wealthy families. It is defined as academic teaching outside of state provision for which tutor is paid in salary usually by tutee’s parents. The tutee’s education usually takes place at their home, where tutor assists their student in improving their knowledge related to the respective subject or for other competitive exams. It has largely remained in the shadow of private schools and home schools which were considered best for British students. Estimates have suggested that the industry is worth several billion pounds, but it lacks regulation as it is an unregulated industry and much of tutoring is informal. Therefore it is difficult to get an accurate picture of the UK market of private tuition.

A survey conducted by UK government found that tuition industry is generally a small scale industry. However, contrary to the belief, private tuition market is expanding and has changed as per changing economic factors and has become increasingly structured and commercialised. It has now been rendering teaching services to millions of students throughout in the UK. Many surveys have found that most of the tutors are university students who are seeking additional income by teaching children at the secondary level. Another group of tutor includes state-employed teachers, as well as, retired teachers from their respected government school. They work either individually or through an agency.

Private tutoring provides an opportunity for parents to help their children to get better academic success. Usually, it is associated with one on one instruction, but in recent years, Small-group and large-group instruction methods and online type of private tutoring have also come into existence. Small-group class tuition ranges from 3 students per tutor, whereas large-group class tuition has >=10 students per tutor. According to a recent survey, half of the private tutoring in the UK is conducted through one on one instruction, which is 78% followed by small-group class tuition which occupies 12% of private tuition. In a recent survey, it was found that average cost of one to one tutoring in a subject like maths is £21 per hour and in English is £24 per hour. The average cost of online tutoring was found to be £32 per hour. The majority of tuition arranged by private agencies takes place in student’s home and normally lasts for one hour.

In recent years and with the advancement of internet, the online internet is gaining popularity. In the UK, online tuition is conducted majorly through either Skype or MSN messenger. Tutors who teach online teach mainly at the secondary level with maths and science being dominant subjects. Other subjects which are taught online are English, humanities, arts and foreign languages. Furthermore, greater numbers of tutors in the UK are in favour of giving online tuition as there is increasing trend of income generated through teaching online as most of the students have access to the internet and are capable enough to get coaching online instead of going to tuition class for their studies. Moreover, it is convenient for tutors also to teach online as it saves their cost and time incurred in travelling. In addition to this, parents of students also are in favour of online tutoring because of convenience and lack of tutors in their local areas.

As private tuition is an unregulated industry, tuition agencies are bracing themselves to change by going online. They have tried to bridge the gap between advantaged and disadvantaged students by providing coaching to later one at nominal fee online. So to evaluate private tuition agencies in the UK, some models were developed. The first model developed is Tutor Hunt which was founded in 2005 with the objective of providing affordable tuition to everyone in the UK.  It has over 50,000 tutors. It is a web-based service which allows tutees to directly access to tutors which they feel is most suitable to them. It charges tutees one off fees which is nominally £19.99. Tutor Hunt has created a foundation, which uses some of the profits made through the website to sponsor various school clubs, programmes and events. It ensures that private tuition does not become reserved for the elite group but is readily available for needy students and its benefit is spread as far as possible.

Another is Tutorfair which was founded in 2012 as a marketplace to put tutors in contact with potential tutees. Currently, Tutorfair has over 30,000 tutors on its database, with about 8,500 fully registered. Through Tutorfair’s web platform, tutees contact tutors with no charge and help them to locate an appropriate local tutor. Since its inception, thousands of tutees have found tutors through this organisation. It is mostly funded directly by sales made on Tutorfair website. An optional 5% price is paid by the customer who undertakes and coordinates tuition programmes in London’s under- privileged students in lieu of providing free tuition for one of their children. This free tutoring covers preparations for 11+ exams, A-level and university preparations. Moreover, it provides facilities for students from economically low background to get good tutors for their studies.

Thus, although private tuition is a shadow education in the UK, yet it is gaining popularity in the country. If effectively implemented, it has the potential to reinforce an education system which would be easily available for each and every student from different backgrounds. Public sponsored education policies fell short of meeting expectations of parents of the students. In this case, a private tuition is a viable option as it would provide an option to parents to fulfil their goal of increasing academic performance of their children. With the adaptation of innovative ideas using online method of tutoring, it has created for itself an opportunity to grow into a mature and stable market generation huge amount of profit.

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20 Tips, Tricks and Ideas for Teaching 6th Grade

Are you facing a problem with a 6th grader? Not able to manage the tantrums of the 6th-grade students? We understand your problem. We know how difficult it is to manage the 6th-grade students. As a teacher even you have experienced that teaching and managing the other grade students are not at all difficult. But in a case of 6th-grade students, you must see the view of the school from the perspective of the students. The students reading in 6th grade are new to the Middle school, thus a change in the environment makes them irritating in nature, and it takes them some time to adjust to the situations and external environment.

But when you can mix with the 6th graders comfortably, you will discover the exuberant and bubbly confidence in the students. As a teacher, you will find pleasure in teaching these newly developed brains. Middle school is a new experience for the children who are being promoted to 6th grade. The middle school environment teaches the children to become independent and responsible. So as a teacher you should act as a guide in nurturing these new brains and help them develop the overall position.

Here are some of the tips that will help you as a teacher to help the 6th-grade students in developing their educational career.
  • Create comfortable situation
    Your students are new to the Middle school so make them comfortable first rather than focusing on teaching them from the very first day. Create games and interactive sessions within the classroom premises and make your students comfortable with each other.
  • Develop mind of the students
    Only intelligence will not help in developing the minds of the students. Use some interactive quiz sessions and puzzles for the students. The brainstorming activities will help in developing the mindset of the students.
  • Tackle perception and identity of students
    Students attending the middle school for the first time may face the problem of identity crisis and may develop negative perceptions about the types of teachers and treatment they will receive in the middle schools. Your duty in this regard is to make them feel comfortable by empathising with them and developing emotional attachment with them.
  • Ask easy questions
    Always remember that you are dealing with kids and not adults, so start with asking easy questions that will make them feel happy in the classroom.
  • Prevent bullying
    Around 40% of the 6th graders are well acquainted with internet services and thus engages themselves in cyberbullying activities. You as a teacher will be required to prevent the instances of cyberbullying by making them understand the negative effects of this habit.
  • Manage the changing behaviours
    You may often face situations where you will encounter two kids fighting with each other over some petty issue. In that situation never punish or scold any of the students because in doing so you are creating a negative impression about yourself in the minds of the students. Rather assess their behaviour and make them understand.
  • No name students
    You will always face a situation where you will find projects and essays submitted with no names on it. Do not worry about this fact because this is a very common aspect among the children within this age range. So make this practice a fun activity by introducing a “No name” rack.
  • Develop sense of humour
    Joke with you students! This is a good way of interacting with the students and makes them feel at home.
  • Take care of their opinions
    Make your student feel important and take their opinions and decisions in different matters.
  • Use novels and storytelling techniques
    Introduce a novel reading and storytelling session in between the hectic schedule of study.
  • Make the students read
    Make your students read out aloud from some parts of the text so that their pronunciation and reading habit is developed.
  • Get feedback from students
    This is important for you as a teacher because the feedback from the students about the types of teacher you are will help you to understand the type and quality of teaching process you are following
  • Arrange for plays
    Arrange for one act plays in the classroom premises and help them become more creative.
  • Make a habit of reading newspaper
    Tell your students to bring their respective newspapers along with them to school so that you can develop their current affairs knowledge.
  • Teach them maths
    Maths is important, and from the 6th grade the maths becomes difficult so start teaching them
  • Initiate group projects
    Encourage the students to enter into different group projects which will help in building friendship among the students.
  • Stock novels in classroom
    Build a stock of novels in the classroom which will help the students to develop their external reading habits.
  • Teach them to research
    Help the students to conduct in-depth research on every topic so that they develop the researching habits.
  • Assist them to develop positive thoughts
    Introduce the system of “Thought of the day” this will help your child to read at least one good thought every day.
  • Introduce entertainment in classroom
    Don’t be a boring teacher! Make the class interesting and arrange for a knowledgeable movie show in the classroom every alternate Saturdays.

How to improve teaching and learning in the classroom

A Teacher plays a very important role in a student’s life. Schools, parents and teachers are the forefronts of a student’s educational life. The success of a student is very much depended upon the teacher as a student is in continuous contact. As teaching and learning is an integrated process, good teaching methods and techniques will help students to learn things faster. It will provide guidance and help in enhancing skills which are connected with future in order to be successful. Good teaching practices are needed in order to improve the quality of life and foster development.

Classrooms learning method is considered as one of the effective methods of learning. For many of the students, their learning process and development takes place in classrooms. It is very necessary that a teacher must adapt teaching techniques that ensure effective learning opportunities and produces a lot of educational benefits. Teachers must examine the classrooms carefully and must keep all the factors in mind which will help to implement the new and effective teaching techniques.

A good teaching technique will help the students to learn and memorize lessons faster and will increase the chances of success.

  • Analyzing the understanding level

Before starting to teach a new lesson teacher must conduct the formative assessment to know how much knowledge students are having on the topic. While teaching regular assessment is needed in different ways. It is necessary to identify the areas in which students are comfortable or are facing difficulties. At the end of the lesson, the teacher should conduct a summary session to know what students have learned. It is always better to simultaneously work on areas in which students are facing problems instead of working when the problem becomes a major issue.

  • Enhance learning through application

Students learn and retain fast when they have been given the opportunity to apply what they have learnt. It becomes difficult to understand by just sitting and listening to lectures. By practically doing learning and understanding becomes easy. Whenever possible teachers must assign projects to the students for helping them to explore their knowledge and put their learning to work. For example- projects on various subjects like maths, science, English, Hindi can be given to students as a part of their homework. This will allow students to learn the basic concept and enhance their knowledge.

  • Enhancing students engagement

A teacher should try to engage with his student in order to make the student feel comfortable. The teacher must memorise the names of all the students in the classroom. They must interact with students frequently in order to understand the capacity of the student. Sending emails, attending various events, designing activities that will require teachers involvement are some of the things which will increase students engagement with the teachers. Students are human beings with full of lives; teachers must share values, experiences with them. This will help in gaining the students confidence and encouraging them. Teachers should love their students and should mix with them.

  • Regularly tracking progress and providing feedbacks

Imparting knowledge to the students is not enough. Learning also takes place when students know about the areas where they are lacking. Teachers must track the performance of the students in order to analyze the problem area. By assigning homework, practice exercises, conducting exams teachers can assess students performance.  Providing feedbacks to the students is necessary to help them identify what they have learned. Timely suggestions will help students in assessing their knowledge and competencies. Communicating with students and helping them in knowing their strengths and weakness will help in the progress of the student.

  • Capturing the interest of students

Any method of teaching will be also of no use if students are not interested. It is very necessary for a teacher to identify the areas of interest of the students and then to apply effective teaching technique. Before starting a lesson or at the time of formative assessment teacher should try to create curiosity in a student in order to gain the attention. A teacher can use creative methods like visual images, brainstorming, and storytelling to help students to generate interest in the lesson. This is considered as one of the challenging tasks on the part of a teacher.

  • Encouraging cooperation practices

Actual learning takes place in the environment which involves a lot of interaction. Group learning always provides better results as it involves discussions and sharing of ideas. It enhances the understanding power of a student and improves the thinking process. Teachers must assign group tasks like projects, presentations, case studies to the students. Students must share their viewpoints and should provide feedbacks to one other on the work assigned.

  • Praising and Motivating Students

The self-confidence of the students increases when they are praised. They feel encouraged and motivated. Teachers must praise the work of the student which will enhance their interest and performance. Phrases like to keep it up; good work, congratulations boost the confidence and self-esteem of the students. The words of encouragement will motivate students to put their efforts and work better.

  • Practicing Active Learning Techniques

Teachers must adopt active learning techniques in the class in order to create excitement and engagement. Just sitting in the class listening and memorizing will not help the students to learn. In order to gain knowledge and to develop the desire for learning in, students teachers must practice those activities which fulfill the learning objectives. Learning styles which require the involvement of all the human senses are the best. Classroom discussions, the involvement of technologies, giving presentations and answering questions makes the class attentive and active.

In the end, it can be said that it is very necessary for the teacher to understand the level of the student. Students must feel connected with the teachers. Teachers must frequently communicate with the students and should provide regular positive and negative feedbacks. This will help students to understand the areas which need a lot of efforts. Teachers should try to become a role model for the student to help them in enhancing their learning and to achieve success.